The Best Medical Decontamination Service Providers
Decontamination involves the process of cleansing a substance or object to remove hazardous material including infectious diseases, radioactive substances and chemicals. Prevention of the spread of microorganism and other noxious contaminants which has the risk of threatening the health of human beings or animals and may damage the environment is the purpose of decontamination. The application of decontamination is majorly in the medical fields which include; veterinary science, surgery and dentistry.
Food preparation, environmental science and forensic science are the other areas in which the process of decontamination is applied. There are three levels of decontamination in order to eliminate pathogens or other substances from a spoiled implement. Disinfection, sterilization and sanitization are the three levels of decontamination.
Anti -microbial agents that are applied to the surface of nonliving objects in order to destroy microorganisms that are present in living things are known as disinfectants. Not all microorganisms are killed by bacterial spores by disinfection but its effective to some extent. The process of disinfection also is less effective than sterilization which is an extreme physical chemical process that kill all types of microorganisms. The cell wall of the microorganism is interfered with by disinfection process.
There are various types of disinfectants which include; alcohols, aldehydes, air disinfectants, oxidizing agents, phenolics, quaternary ammonium compounds , inorganic compounds and others. Chlorine, acids and bases, terpenes, metals and iodine are the types of inorganic compounds.Concentrated formulations are found in some quaternary ammonium compounds which are a large group of related compounds. Chlorine, hypochlorous acid and hypochlorite are a group of aquoes solution that belong to chlorine an inorganic compound.
Physical cleaning, disinfection, antisepsis, sterilization, ultrasonic cleaning and water purification are the methods of decontamination. Water is removed undesirable chemicals, biological contaminants and suspended solids and gas through a process known as water purification. Usually drinking water is disinfected for the purpose of human consumption and water purification aids in these.
However water purification can be used for other purposes such as fulfilling the requirements of medical, chemical, industrial and pharmacological applications. Physical methods in water purification include sedimentation, filtration and distillation while chemical methods are flocculation and chlorination while finally biological procesess include biologically actiave carbon or slow sand filters.
Not only does water purification reduce the concentration of a range of dissolved and particulate matter but also it reduce the concentration of particulate matter such as algae, fungi, suspended particles and bacteria. The process of removing or eliminating, deactivation or killing all forms of life and any other biological agents like fungi, bacteria, viruses, unicellular organisms that are present in a specified region such as the volume of a fluid, medication or in a compound that is culture media is sterilization. The process of sterilization is achieved through heating, irradiation, filtration and high pressure.